Japanese  
  Home  |  Top News  |  Most Popular  |  Video  |  Multimedia  |  News Feeds  |  Feedback
  Medicine  |  Nature & Earth  |  Biology  |  Technology & Engineering  |  Space & Planetary  |  Psychology  |  Physics & Chemistry  |  Economics  |  Archaeology
Top > Biology > Megalara Garuda: The King of… >
Megalara Garuda: The King of Wasps

Published: March 23, 2012.
By Pensoft Publishers
http://www.pensoft.net

A new and unusual wasp species has been discovered during an expedition to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi.

This is a Megalara garuda, male. It is also known as the King of Wasps. Credit: Dr. Lynn Kimsey, Dr. Michael Ohl

It was independently also found in the insect collections of the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, where it was awaiting discovery since the 1930s, when it had been collected on Sulawesi. The new species is pitch-black, has an enormous body size, and its males have long, sickle-shaped jaws. The findings have now been described in the open access journal ZooKeys.

The species belongs into the digger wasp family, which is a diverse group of wasps with several thousands of species known from all over the world. Female digger wasps search for other insects as prey for their young and paralyze the prey by stinging it. Prey selection is often species specific, but the prey of the new species is unknown. With its unusual body size and the male's jaws, the new species differs from all known related digger wasps, so much so that it was placed in a new genus of its own, Megalara.

Lynn Kimsey (UC Davis) and Michael Ohl (Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin), who discovered the giant wasp simultaneously and have worked on it in collaboration, named the species after Garuda, the national symbol of Indonesia, a part-human, part-eagle mythical creature known as the King of Birds in Hindu mythology.

Since this species has never been observed alive, nothing is known about its biology or behavior. The males of Megalara garuda are distinctly larger than the females, and bear very long jaws. As can be deduced from other insects with large jaws, it is likely that the males hold the females with it during copulation. It is also possible that they use the jaws for defense.


Show Reference »


Translate this page: Chinese French German Italian Japanese Korean Portuguese Russian Spanish


 
This is form to send feedback to the editors. Tell us what you think about this article. All comments are not published. If you are looking for a response to a question please use our another feedback page.
Related »

Parasitoid 
2/24/14 

Almost 200 New Species of Parasitoid Wasps Named After Local Parataxonomists in Costa Rica
By Pensoft Publishers
Species 
3/13/14 

Condon Publishes New Research in Science
By Cornell College
Species 
3/13/14 

More to Biological Diversity Than Meets the Eye
By University of Iowa
Shaw 
5/8/14 
Mummy-making Wasps Discovered in Ecuador
By Pensoft Publishers
Some Ecuadorian tribes were famous for making mummified shrunken heads from the remains of their conquered foes. Field work in the cloud forests of Ecuador by Professor Scott Shaw, …
Species 
3/18/13 
9 New Wasp Species of the Genus Paramblynotus Described from Africa And Madagascar
By Pensoft Publishers
A newly published article "Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea, Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar" by Dr. Simon van Noort, from Natural History Department, Iziko …
Wings 
5/2/14 

Researchers Find Unique Fore Wing Folding among Sub-Saharan African Ensign Wasps
By Penn State
Wasps 
7/19/10 
Uncovering Behavior of Long-dead Insects
By BioMed Central
What can you learn from the 120 year-old body of a parasitoid wasp? Using material from museum collections, researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology report …
More » 
 
ScienceNewsline  |  About  |  Privacy Policy  |  Feedback  |  Mobile  |  Japanese Edition
The selection and placement of stories are determined automatically by a computer program. All contents are copyright of their owners except U.S. Government works. U.S. Government works are assumed to be in the public domain unless otherwise noted. Everything else copyright ScienceNewsline.