Home  |  Top News  |  Most Popular  |  Video  |  Multimedia  |  News Feeds  |  Feedback
  Medicine  |  Nature & Earth  |  Biology  |  Technology & Engineering  |  Space & Planetary  |  Psychology  |  Physics & Chemistry  |  Economics  |  Archaeology
Top > Psychology > Actions Don't Always Speak Louder… >

Actions Don't Always Speak Louder Than Words — at Least, Not When It Comes to Forgiveness

Published: July 18, 2012.
Released by Baylor University  

People are more likely to show forgiving behavior if they receive restitution, but they are more prone to report they have forgiven if they get an apology, according to Baylor University research published in the Journal of Positive Psychology.

The study underscores the importance of both restitution and apology and of using multiple measures for forgiveness, including behavior, said Jo-Ann Tsang, Ph.D., an associate professor of psychology and neuroscience in Baylor's College of Arts & Sciences.

"One of the main reasons for using behavioral measures in addition to self-reporting by individuals is that they can make themselves look better by only self-reporting, although they don't necessarily intend to lie," she said. "And it may be that 'I forgive you' is a more conscious feeling if they receive an apology."

In the study, 136 undergraduate psychology students were stationed in individual cubicles and told that raffle tickets for a $50 gift card would be given out in three rounds, with 10 tickets per round to be divided between a participant and a unknown "partner." They also were told they might receive a note from the partner.

In the first round, participants were given only two of the 10 tickets split between them and their partners; in the second, they got nine. Some were told the distributions were made by the partner; others were told it was by chance.

Some participants received an apology note from their partners on the second round, saying, "Sorry about that first round. I got carried away, and I feel really bad that I did that." Some participants also received raffle tickets back from their partners in the second round, a form of restitution. In the last round, the participants were given the chance to be in charge of distributions themselves.

Researchers examined the links between apology, restitution, empathy and forgiveness, measuring forgiveness in two ways: Through behavior (how many raffle tickets participants gave to their partners on the third round); and self-reporting on a questionnaire, with participants telling how highly they rated their motivation to forgive.

Researchers wrote that "making amends can facilitative forgiveness, but not all amends can fully compensate for offenses." Apology may be needed to repair damage fully, but it may be a "silent forgiveness," while restitution without apology may lead to a "hollow forgiveness" in which the offenders are treated better but not necessarily forgiven.

"The results suggest that if transgressors seek both psychological and interpersonal forgiveness from their victims, they must pair their apologies with restitution," they wrote. "Apparently, actions and words speak loudest in concert."




The above story is based on materials provided by Baylor University.

Translate this page: Chinese French German Italian Japanese Korean Portuguese Russian Spanish


comments powered by Disqus


Related »

People 
1/18/11 
Apologies Aren't as Good as People Imagine They'll Be
We all want an apology when someone does us wrong. But a new study, published in Psychological Science, a …
Offenders 
4/8/14 
Are Southern Death-row Inmates More Polite?
Los Angeles, CA (April 8, 2014) Southern states are known to uphold a culture of honor and adhere to …
Robbennolt 
3/4/13 
Research: Bankruptcy Judges Influenced by Apologies
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Research by legal and psychological scholars has shown that apologies can result in better outcomes for …
People 
11/21/11 
Ignorance Is Bliss When It Comes to Challenging Social Issues
The less people know about important complex issues such as the economy, energy consumption and the environment, the more …
Video 
2/18/14 
Personality And Spaces, Remaking Love, Meaning in Life, And Commonsense Morality
People and spaces, the tragedy of commonsense morality, myths about meaning of life, and remaking love were four themes …
Kelly 
12/2/11 
Are Doing Harm And Allowing Harm Equivalent? Ask FMRI
People typically say they are invoking an ethical principle when they judge acts that cause harm more harshly than …
More » 
 
© Newsline Group  |  About  |  Privacy Policy  |  Feedback  |  Mobile