Home  |  Top News  |  Most Popular  |  Video  |  Multimedia  |  News Feeds  |  Feedback
  Medicine  |  Nature & Earth  |  Biology  |  Technology & Engineering  |  Space & Planetary  |  Psychology  |  Physics & Chemistry  |  Economics  |  Archaeology
Top > Medicine, Health Care > UNC Study Reveals Potential Route… >

UNC Study Reveals Potential Route to Bladder Cancer Diagnostics, Treatments

Published: February 11, 2014.
Released by University of North Carolina Health Care  

CHAPEL HILL, NC – Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine conducted a comprehensive genetic analysis of invasive bladder cancer tumors to discover that the disease shares genetic similarities with two forms of breast cancer. The finding is significant because a greater understanding of the genetic basis of cancers, such as breast cancers, has in the recent past led to the development of new therapies and diagnostic aids.

Bladder cancer, which is the fourth most common malignancy in men and ninth in women in the United States, claimed more than 15,000 lives last year.

The analysis of 262 bladder cancer tumors, published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, revealed that the invasive form of the disease can be classified into two distinct genetic subtypes – basal-like and luminal – which were shown to be highly similar to the basal and luminal subtypes of breast cancer first described by Charles Perou, PhD, the May Goldman Shaw Distinguished Professor of Molecular Oncology at UNC Lineberger.

"It will be particularly interesting to see whether the bladder subtypes, like the breast subtypes, are useful in stratification for therapy," said lead author William Kim, MD, a researcher at the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and associate professor in the departments of genetics and medicine at UNC.

Mapping genetic signaling pathways of breast cancer subtypes has led to the development of drugs to treat patients and diagnostic aids that help physicians determine the best course of therapy for patients. Because the identified bladder cancer subtypes share many of the same genetic signaling pathways of breast cancer, researchers hope that the identification of the genetic subtypes can lead to similar advances.

"Currently there are no approved targeted therapies for bladder cancer," said lead author Jeffrey Damrauer, graduate student in the Curriculum of Genetics and Molecular Biology at the UNC School of Medicine. "Our hope is that the identification of these subtypes will aid in the discovery of targetable pathways that will advance bladder cancer treatment."

The study also revealed a possible answer to why women diagnosed with bladder cancer have overall poorer outcomes compared to males. Analysis showed that female patients had a significantly higher incidence of the deadlier basal-like tumors. But researchers said that more research is needed before a definite link between the subtype and survival rate can be confirmed.

Dr. Kim's lab has developed a gene map – BASE47 – that proved successful as a prognostic aid when applied to the tumor samples in the study. The PAM50 genetic test, a similar genetic map developed in the Perou lab, was recently approved as a clinical diagnostic tool by the FDA.

Additional LCCC members contributing to this work are Katherine Hoadley, PhD; David Chism, MD; Cheng Fan; Christopher Tiganelli, MD; Sara Wobker, MD; Jen Jen Yeh, MD; Matthew Milowsky, MD; and Joel Parker, PhD.




The above story is based on materials provided by University of North Carolina Health Care.

Translate this page: Chinese French German Italian Japanese Korean Portuguese Russian Spanish


comments powered by Disqus


Related »

Tumors 
9/24/12 
★★★ 
Some Deadly Breast Cancers Share Genetic Features with Ovarian Tumors
The most comprehensive analysis yet of breast cancer shows that one of the most deadly subtypes is genetically more …
Cancer 
9/24/12 
UNC Lineberger Scientists Lead Cancer Genome Analysis of Breast Cancer
A team of scientists with The Cancer Genome Atlas program reports their genetic characterization of 800 breast tumors, including …
Tcga 
9/24/12 

Study Reveals Genomic Similarities Between Breast Cancer And Ovarian Cancers
Types 
8/7/14 
Cancer Categories Recast in Largest-ever Genomic Study
New research partly led by UC San Francisco-affiliated scientists suggests that one in 10 cancer patients would be more …
Cancer 
6/20/12 
Breast Cancer's Many Drivers
Breast cancer is not a single disease, but a collection of diseases with dozens of different mutations that crop …
Cancer 
7/1/13 
UNC Murine Study Predicts Cancer Drug Responsiveness in Human Tumors
CHAPEL HILL, N.C. - It's a GEMM of a system. Genetically engineered mouse models that is. Using them allows …
Cancer 
4/3/11 
★★★ 
DNA of 50 Breast Cancer Patients Decoded
In the single largest cancer genomics investigation reported to date, scientists have sequenced the whole genomes of tumors from …
More » 
 
© Newsline Group  |  About  |  Privacy Policy  |  Feedback  |  Mobile