Female drink-drivers are more likely to be older, better-educated and divorced, widowed or separated, research has shown. The study by academics at The University of Nottingham found that emotional factors and mental health problems were common triggers in alcohol-related offences committed by women.
Protein Associated with Improved Survival in Some Breast Cancer Patients
A family of proteins that help cancer cells survive and spread around the body may be associated with improved prognosis for some women receiving treatment for breast cancer, research has shown.
Immune System Link to Kidney Disease Risk, Research Finds
A gene which forms part of our body's first line of defence against infection may be associated with an increased risk with a type of kidney disease, research involving academics at The University of Nottingham has discovered. The work, which is published in the academic journal Science Translational Medicine, found that the difference in the number of copies of the alpha-defensin genes was a major genetic factor in developing the condition IgA nephropathy.
New Blood Test for the Detection of Bovine TB
A new blood test to detect Mycobacteria in blood has been developed by a team at The University of Nottingham led by Dr Cath Rees, an expert in microbiology in the School of Biosciences and Dr Ben Swift from the School of Veterinary Medicine and Science. The researchers have used this new method to show that cattle diagnosed with bovine tuberculosis (bTB) have detectable levels of the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) in their blood which causes this disease.
Genetic History of the 'Ship of the Desert' Revealed
A unique and pioneering study of the ancient and modern DNA of the 'ship of the desert' -- the single humped camel or dromedary -- has shed new light on how its use by human societies has shaped its genetic diversity.
Fungal Spores Could 'Hijack' Human Immune Cells to Spread Infection
Scientists have announced a major breakthrough in their understanding of how the fungus Aspergillus terreus - the cause of serious illness in humans - can move around the body, rather than remaining in the lungs as with similar fungal infections.
Patient Attitudes to Diabetic Foot Ulcers Have 'Significant Effect' on Survival
New research by health psychologists has shown that the beliefs and expectations of people with diabetic foot ulcers about their illness have a significant independent effect on their survival. The study was led by researchers at The University of Nottingham. It set out to expand on an area of previous research which, in some studies, linked depression to poorer clinical outcomes for diabetic ulcer patients.
Major Breakthrough in New MRI Scan Technology for Lung Disease
New scanning technology which will give a much clearer picture of lung disease has taken a major step forward thanks to scientists at The University of Nottingham.
Improving Modern Vaccines - Sugar Polymer Tails Wag the Protein Dog
Millions of people - particularly infants in underdeveloped countries -- suffer from the serious life threatening illnesses of meningitis, pneumonia and influenza. These are due to infection by microbes such as N. meninigitidis, S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae b.