USC, Oxford Researchers Find High Fructose Corn Syrup-global Prevalence of Diabetes Link
LOS ANGELES AND OXFORD, U.K.— A new study by University of Southern California (USC) and University of Oxford researchers indicates that large amounts of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) found in national food supplies across the world may be one explanation for the rising global epidemic of type 2 diabetes and resulting higher health care costs.
Irx Genes Make Cartilage Cells Act 'Oh So Immature'
Arthritis, the leading cause of disability in the U.S., involves the loss of a special type of cartilage cell lining the joints. In a study appearing on the cover of the latest issue of Developmental Cell, first author Amjad Askary -- a PhD student in the USC Stem Cell lab of Gage Crump -- and his colleagues identify roles for a family of genes, called Iroquois (Irx) genes, in protecting these joint cartilage cells.
A Prkci Gene Keeps Stem Cells in Check
When it comes to stem cells, too much of a good thing isn't wonderful: producing too many new stem cells may lead to cancer; producing too few inhibits the repair and maintenance of the body.
Breast, Ovarian Cancer Risk May Have Association with Sense of Smell
LOS ANGELES -- The association between menstrual cycle activity and breast and ovarian cancer risk may have an unexpected intermediary - odors.
USC Researchers Find Gene Facilitating Repair of Acutely Injured Kidney
LOS ANGELES - In the kidney, injured cells can be kicked into reparative mode by a gene called Sox9, according to a new paper published in Cell Reports.
USC Stem Cell Researchers Poke Around for Blood Genes
Even though the transplantation of blood stem cells, also known as bone marrow, has saved many lives over many decades, the genes that control the number or function of blood stem cells are not fully understood. In a study published in June in Stem Cell Reports, the USC Stem Cell labs of Hooman Allayee and Gregor Adams uncovered new genes that affect blood stem cell development and maintenance.
USC Cancer Researchers ID Potential Treatment for Deadly Lymphoma
New research from the University of Southern California (USC) Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center has identified a potential treatment for a rare but previously incurable form of lymphoma that is observed primarily in patients with HIV/AIDS infection.
Researchers Reveal a Genetic Blueprint for Cartilage
Cartilage does a lot more than determine the shapes of people's ears and noses. It also enables people to breathe and to form healthy bones -- two processes essential to life. In a study published in Cell Reports, USC Stem Cell researcher Xinjun He and University of Tokyo researcher Shinsuke Ohba explore how a protein called Sox9 regulates the production of cartilage.
Vitreomacular Adhesion Patients Report Improved Vision with Non-surgical Treatment
LOS ANGELES -- In two ancillary studies of two multi-center international clinical trials led by the University of Southern California (USC) Eye Institute, the injectable drug ocriplasmin appears to improve vision among patients suffering from symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (VMA), a condition related to the aging eye that could cause permanent vision loss if left untreated.