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The Lancet Neurology: Post-concussion 'Return to Play' Decision for Footballers Should Be Made Solely by Doctors, Says New Editorial

Published: July 13, 2014.
Released by The Lancet  

An editorial published today in The Lancet Neurology calls for sports authorities to take into consideration the long term neurological problems that repeated concussions can cause. Cerebral concussion is the most common form of sports-related traumatic brain injury (TBI), and the long-term effects of repeated concussions may include dementia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and other neurological disorders, say the journal editors.

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The Lancet: Phase 1 Trial of First Ebola Vaccine Based on 2014 Virus Strain Shows Vaccine Is Safe And Provokes an Immune Response
Results from the first phase 1 trial of an Ebola vaccine based on the current (2014) strain of the virus are today published in The Lancet. Until now, all tested Ebola virus vaccines have been based on the virus strain from the Zaire outbreak in 1976. The results suggest that the new vaccine is safe, and provokes an immune response in recipients, although further long-term testing will be needed to establish whether it can protect against the Ebola virus.

The Lancet: WHO's New End TB Strategy
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Xpert MTB/RIF Assay for the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children: A Systematic Review And Meta-analysis
Microbiological confirmation of childhood tuberculosis is rare because of the difficulty of collection of specimens, low sensitivity of smear microscopy, and poor access to culture. This study, led by Dr Anne Detjen, from the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, aimed to establish summary estimates for sensitivity and specificity of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay compared with microscopy in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children. The researchers found that compared with microscopy, Xpert offers better sensitivity for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis…

The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Experts Warn of Potential Upsurge in Mosquito And Tick-borne Diseases as UK Climate Gets Warmer
Climate change could accelerate the emergence of vector-borne diseases such as chikungunya, dengue fever, and West Nile virus in the UK, warn leading public health experts Dr Jolyon Medlock and Professor Steve Leach from the Emergency Response Department at Public Health England, writing in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal.

The Lancet: More Than 2 Million People Die Prematurely Every Year Because Treatment for Kidney Failure Is Unavailable
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The Lancet: International Experts Call for an End to Preventable Deaths from Acute Kidney Injury by 2025
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The Lancet: Healthy Eating, Exercise, And Brain-training
A comprehensive programme providing older people at risk of dementia with healthy eating guidance, exercise, brain training, and management of metabolic and vascular risk factors appears to slow down cognitive decline, according to the first ever randomised controlled trial of its kind, published in The Lancet.

The Lancet Hematology: Experts Warn of Stem Cell Underuse as Transplants Reach 1 Million Worldwide
Since the first experimental bone marrow transplant over 50 years ago, more than one million hematopoietic stem cell transplantations (HSCT) have been performed in 75 countries, according to new research charting the remarkable growth in the worldwide use of HSCT, published in The Lancet Haematology journal.

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