|Climate Change Impacts Countered by Stricter Fisheries Management|
Nature » Fisheries, Fish »
Wildlife Conservation Society − A new study has found that implementing stricter fisheries management overcame the expected detrimental effects of climate change disturbances in coral reef fisheries badly impacted by the 1997/98 El Niño, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society.
|Li-ion Batteries Contain Toxic Halogens, but Environmentally Friendly Alternatives Exist|
Chemistry » Batteries, Lithium »
Virginia Commonwealth University − Physics researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University have discovered that most of the electrolytes used in lithium-ion batteries — commonly found in consumer electronic devices — are superhalogens, and that the vast majority of these electrolytes contain toxic halogens.
|New Findings Will Improve the Sex Lives of Women with Back Problems|
Medicine » Back, Pain »
University of Waterloo − Newly published findings from the University of Waterloo are giving women with bad backs renewed hope for better sex lives. The findings—part of the first-ever study to document how the spine moves during sex—outline which sex positions are best for women suffering from different types of low-back pain. The new recommendations follow on the heels of comparable guidelines for men released last month.
|Liquid Helium Offers a Fascinating New Way to Make Charged Molecules|
Chemistry » Fullerene, Helium »
University of Leicester − A collaboration between researchers at the Universities of Leicester and Innsbruck has developed a completely new way of forming charged molecules which offers tremendous potential for new areas of chemical research.
|Relationships Benefit When Parents And Adult Children Use Multiple Communication Channels|
Psychology » Schon, Pyramid »
University of Kansas − LAWRENCE – 'Call your mother' may be the familiar refrain, but research from the University of Kansas shows that being able to text, email and Facebook dad may be just as important for young adults. Jennifer Schon, a doctoral student in communication studies, found that adult children's relationship satisfaction with their parents is modestly influenced by the number of communication tools, such as cell phones, email, social networking sites, they use to communicate.
|Decrease of Genetic Diversity in the Endangered Saimaa Ringed Seal Continues|
Biology » Populations, Saimaa »
University of Eastern Finland − The critically endangered Saimaa ringed seal, which inhabits Lake Saimaa in Finland, has extremely low genetic diversity and this development seems to continue, according to a recent study completed at the University of Eastern Finland. In her doctoral dissertation, Mia Valtonen, MSc, analysed the temporal and regional variation in the genetic diversity of the endangered Saimaa ringed seal. The population is only around 300 individuals divided into smaller sub-populations and with very little migration among between them.
|To Wilt Or Not to Wilt|
Biology » Fungus, Plant »
University of California - Riverside − RIVERSIDE, Calif. – Plant breeders have long identified and cultivated disease-resistant varieties. A research team at the University of California, Riverside has now revealed a new molecular mechanism for resistance and susceptibility to a common fungus that causes wilt in susceptible tomato plants. Study results appeared Oct. 16 in PLOS Pathogens.
|Icelandic Volcano Sits on Massive Magma Hot Spot|
Nature » Mantle, Earth »
University of California - Davis − Spectacular eruptions at Bárðarbunga volcano in central Iceland have been spewing lava continuously since Aug. 31. Massive amounts of erupting lava are connected to the destruction of supercontinents and dramatic changes in climate and ecosystems.
|Startups Should Seek Quality - Not Quantity - in Partnerships, Study Finds|
Economics » Companies, Releases »
University at Buffalo − BUFFALO, N.Y. -- When partnering with larger companies, startups with a small number of carefully chosen alliances will reap the most benefits, according to new research from the University at Buffalo School of Management.
|Ebola's Evolutionary Roots Are More Ancient Than Previously Thought, Study Finds|
Biology » Wolbachia, Viral »
University at Buffalo − BUFFALO, N.Y. — A new study is helping to rewrite Ebola's family history. The research shows that filoviruses — a family to which Ebola and its similarly lethal relative, Marburg, belong — are at least 16-23 million years old. Filoviruses likely existed in the Miocene Epoch, and at that time, the evolutionary lines leading to Ebola and Marburg had already diverged, the study concludes.
|Treating Ill Health Might Not Be Enough to Help Homeless People Get Off the Streets|
Medicine » Homeless, Hwang »
St. Michael's Hospital − TORONTO, Oct. 24, 2014—Health care providers should recognize that any effective strategy to address homelessness needs to include both interventions to improve the health of homeless individuals as well as larger-scale policy changes, according to a paper published today.
|A New Dent in HIV-1's Armor|
Biology » Hiv, Virus »
Salk Institute − LA JOLLA—Like a slumbering dragon, HIV can lay dormant in a person's cells for years, evading medical treatments only to wake up and strike at a later time, quickly replicating itself and destroying the immune system.
|Receiving Gossip About Others Promotes Self-reflection And Growth|
Psychology » Gossip, Willer »
Society for Personality and Social Psychology − Gossip is pervasive in our society, and our penchant for gossip can be found in most of our everyday conversations. Why are individuals interested in hearing gossip about others' achievements and failures? Researchers at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands studied the effect positive and negative gossip has on how the recipient evaluates him or herself. The study is published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
|Climate Change Caused by Ocean, Not Just Atmosphere, New Rutgers Study Finds|
Nature » Ocean, Carbon »
Rutgers University − Most of the concerns about climate change have focused on the amount of greenhouse gases that have been released into the atmosphere. But in a new study published in Science, a group of Rutgers researchers have found that circulation of the ocean plays an equally important role in regulating the earth's climate.
|Three-dimensional Metamaterials with a Natural Bent|
Chemistry » Metamaterials, Hart »
RIKEN − Metamaterials, a hot area of research today, are artificial materials engineered with resonant elements to display properties that are not found in natural materials. By organizing materials in a specific way, scientists can build materials with a negative refractivity, for example, which refract light at a reverse angle from normal materials. However, metamaterials up to now have harbored a significant downside. Unlike natural materials, they are two-dimensional and inherently anisotropic, meaning that they are designed to act in a certain direction. By contrast,
|New Hope for Drug Discovery in African Sleeping Sickness|
Biology » Compound, Compounds »
Northeastern University − In early drug discovery, you need a starting point, says Northeastern University associate professor of chemistry and chemical biology Michael Pollastri. In a new research paper published Thursday in the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Pollastri and his colleagues present hundreds of such starting points for potentially treating African sleeping sickness, a deadly disease that claims thousands of lives annually.
|Satellite Catches Lingering Remnants of Tropical Depression 9|
Nature » Depression, Noaa »
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center − NOAA's GOES-East satellite has been keeping an eye on the remnants of Tropical Depression 9. On Oct. 24 at 14:30 UTC (10:30 a.m. EDT) GOES-East captured a visible image of clouds and thunderstorms associated with former Tropical Depression 9,, centered over the southeastern Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico, Belize, and the adjacent northwestern Caribbean Sea.
|NASA Sees Tropical Storm Ana Still Vigorous|
Nature » Trmm, Storm »
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center − NASA's TRMM satellite saw that Tropical Storm Ana was still generating moderate rainfall is it pulled away from Hawaii. The next day, NASA's Aqua satellite saw that wind shear was having an effect on the storm as it moved over open ocean. On Oct. 24, Ana had moved far enough away from land areas that there were no watches or warnings in effect.
|NASA Identifies Ice Cloud Above Cruising Altitude on Titan|
Space » Titan, Cassini »
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center − NASA scientists have identified an unexpected high-altitude methane ice cloud on Saturn's moon Titan that is similar to exotic clouds found far above Earth's poles.
|Some Like It Loud|
Biology » Frogs, Frog »
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent) − DURHAM, N.C. – Frogs are well-known for being among the loudest amphibians, but new research indicates that the development of this trait followed another: bright coloration. Scientists have found that the telltale colors of some poisonous frog species established them as an unappetizing option for would-be predators before the frogs evolved their elaborate songs. As a result, these initial warning signals allowed different species to diversify their calls over time.
|Ebola Virus: Update on Research in France|
Medicine » Ebola, Outbreak »
INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale) − The Ebola epidemic is continuing to spread, particularly in West Africa. According to the latest report by the World Health Organisation (WHO) dated 17 October, 9,216 cases of Ebola have been recorded and 4,555 people have died of the virus. With the current situation of the Ebola epidemic, it quickly became necessary for French research to be mobilised rapidly.
|Hinode Satellite Captures X-ray Footage of Solar Eclipse|
Space » Eclipse, Corona »
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics − The moon passed between the Earth and the sun on Thursday, Oct. 23. While avid stargazers in North America looked up to watch the spectacle, the best vantage point was several hundred miles above the North Pole. The Hinode spacecraft was in the right place at the right time to catch the solar eclipse. What's more, because of its vantage point Hinode witnessed a "ring of fire" or annular eclipse.
|Global Boom in Hydropower Expected This Decade|
Nature » Dams, Dam »
Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen − An unprecedented boom in hydropower dam construction is underway, primarily in developing countries and emerging economies. While this is expected to double the global electricity production from hydropower, it could reduce the number of our last remaining large free-flowing rivers by about 20% and pose a serious threat to freshwater biodiversity. A new database has been developed to support decision making on sustainable modes of electricity production. It is presented today at the international congress Global Challenges: Achieving Sustainability hosted by the University
|Molecular Beacons Shine Light on How Cells 'Crawl'|
Biology » Forces, Force »
Emory Health Sciences − Adherent cells, the kind that form the architecture of all multi-cellular organisms, are mechanically engineered with precise forces that allow them to move around and stick to things. Proteins called integrin receptors act like little hands and feet to pull these cells across a surface or to anchor them in place. When groups of these cells are put into a petri dish with a variety of substrates they can sense the differences in the surfaces and they will "crawl" toward the stiffest one they can find.
|Law of the Sea Authorizes Animal Tagging Research Without Nations' Consent|
Biology » Sea, Animals »
Duke University − DURHAM, N.C. -- Many marine animals are world travelers, and scientists who study and track them can rarely predict through which nations' territorial waters their paths will lead. In a new paper in the journal Marine Policy, Duke University Marine Lab researchers argue that coastal nations along these migratory routes do not have precedent under the law of the sea to require scientists to seek advance permission to remotely track tagged animals in territorial waters.
|Intervention Program Helps Prevent High-school Dropouts|
Psychology » Gonzales, Program »
Arizona State University − Tempe, Ariz. (Oct. 23, 2014) - New research findings from a team of prevention scientists at Arizona State University demonstrates that a family-focused intervention program for middle-school Mexican American children leads to fewer drop-out rates and lower rates of alcohol and illegal drug use.
|New Study Finds Options for Climate Change Policy Are Well Characterized|
Nature » Avoid, Emissions »
American Meteorological Society − WASHINGTON – October 24, 2014 – Policy options for climate change risk management are straightforward and have well understood strengths and weaknesses, according to a new study by the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Policy Program.
|Synthetic Biology on Ordinary Paper, Results Off the Page|
Biology » Trf2, Networks »
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard − BOSTON - New achievements in synthetic biology announced today by researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, which will allow complex cellular recognition reactions to proceed outside of living cells, will dare scientists to dream big: there could one day be inexpensive, shippable and accurate test kits that use saliva or a drop of blood to identify specific disease or infection — a feat that could be accomplished anywhere in the world, within minutes and without laboratory support, just by using
|Nation's 'Personality' Influences Its Environmental Stewardship, Shows New Study|
Psychology » Personality, Traits »
University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management − Toronto – Countries with higher levels of compassion and openness score better when it comes to environmental sustainability, says research from the University of Toronto.
|Florida Lizards Evolve Rapidly, Within 15 Years And 20 Generations|
Biology » Anoles, Lizards »
University of Texas at Austin − Scientists working on islands in Florida have documented the rapid evolution of a native lizard species — in as little as 15 years — as a result of pressure from an invading lizard species, introduced from Cuba. After contact with the invasive species, the native lizards began perching higher in trees, and, generation after generation, their feet evolved to become better at gripping the thinner, smoother branches found higher up.
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