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Life's Extremists May Be an Untapped Source of Antibacterial Drugs
Biology » Bacteria, Rhs »
Vanderbilt University − One of the most mysterious forms of life may turn out to be a rich and untapped source of antibacterial drugs. The mysterious life form is Archaea, a family of single-celled organisms that thrive in environments like boiling hydrothermal pools and smoking deep sea vents which are too extreme for most other species to survive.
Not All Baseball Stars Treated Equally in TV Steroid Coverage, Says Study of Network News
Psychology » News, Media »
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign − CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- Retired baseball stars Barry Bonds, Mark McGwire and Rafael Palmeiro each had Hall of Fame-worthy numbers, each hitting more than 500 home runs. All three also were tarred by allegations of steroid use.
Nail Stem Cells Prove More Versatile Than Press Ons
Biology » Stem, Cells »
University of Southern California - Health Sciences − There are plenty of body parts that don't grow back when you lose them. Nails are an exception, and a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) reveals some of the reasons why.
Research Examines an Emerging Issue: Treatment of Transgendered Prison Populations
Medicine » Prison, Inmate »
University of Cincinnati − Prison policies vary on treating transgendered inmates, which could put inmates and institutions at risk. Gina Gibbs, a University of Cincinnati criminal justice doctoral student, will present a synopsis of the legal issues posed by such inmates at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology. The national conference runs from Nov. 19-22 in San Francisco.
Researchers Discover Natural Resistance Gene Against Spruce Budworm
Biology » Cotton, Pest »
Université Laval − Quebec City, November 21, 2014--Scientists from Universit√© Laval, the University of British Columbia and the University of Oxford have discovered a natural resistance gene against spruce budworm in the white spruce. The breakthrough, reported in The Plant Journal, paves the way to identifying and selecting naturally resistant trees to replant forests devastated by the destructive pest.
When Shareholders Exacerbate Their Own Banks' Crisis
Nature » Market, Bonds »
Technische Universitaet Muenchen − One lesson that policymakers and financial regulators have drawn from the financial market crisis is that banks need to be backed by more equity. But banks have found it hard to increase their core capital positions - in other words, the equity available to them long-term. Since 2009, this has led European banks to increasingly deploy an instrument that allows them to convert debt into equity in times of need: contingent convertible bonds, also known as CoCo bonds. Banks issue these bonds at…
TSRI Researchers Find How Mutant Gene Can Cause Deafness
Biology » Wendler, Complement »
Scripps Research Institute − LA JOLLA, CA - November 20, 2014 - Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how one gene is essential to hearing, uncovering a cause of deafness and suggesting new avenues for therapies.
Researchers Study Impact of Power Prosthetic Failures on Amputees
Technology » Message, Polly »
North Carolina State University − Powered lower limb prosthetics hold promise for improving the mobility of amputees, but errors in the technology may also cause some users to stumble or fall. New research examines exactly what happens when these technologies fail, with the goal of developing a new generation of more robust powered prostheses.
Trouble with Your Boss? Own It
Psychology » Employee, Employees »
Michigan State University − EAST LANSING, Mich. --- Don't get along with your boss? Your job performance may actually improve if the two of you can come to grips with the poor relationship. A new study led by Michigan State University business scholars finds that workers are more motivated if they and their supervisors see eye-to-eye about a bad relationship than if they have different views about their relationship. The findings are published in the Academy of Management Journal.
A Coating That Protects Against Heat And Oxidation
Chemistry » Heat, Paraffin »
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft − Gases don't conduct heat as well as solids do. Cellular or aerated concretes take advantage of this effect, which experts call "gas-phase insulation". The heat barrier is achieved by air encased in the cavities of the concrete. But gas-phase insulation has far greater potential than keeping our homes warm. It can also be used to protect turbine engine and waste incinerator components when subjected to intense heat. All you need to do is transfer this effect to a coating that is just a…
Employees of Small, Locally Owned Businesses Have More Company Loyalty, Baylor Study Finds
Psychology » Workers, Breaks »
Baylor University − Employees who work at small, locally owned businesses have the highest level of loyalty to their employers -- and for rural workers, size and ownership of their company figure even more into their commitment than job satisfaction does, according to Baylor University researchers.
Vermicompost Leachate Improves Tomato Seedling Growth
Biology » Tomato, Maloof »
American Society for Horticultural Science − SCOTTSVILLE, SOUTH AFRICA-- Worldwide, drought conditions, extreme temperatures, and high soil saline content all have negative effects on tomato crops. These natural processes reduce soil nutrient content and lifespan, result in reduced plant growth and yield, and ultimately translate to lower profits for tomato producers. As an alternative to unsustainable practices such as the use of synthetic fertilizers, producers are looking to environment-friendly soil ameliorants such as verimcompost leachate, an organic liquid produced from earthworm-digested material and casts that occur during the vermicomposting…
Polyethylene Mulch, Glazing Create Optimal Conditions for Soil Solarization
Nature » Soil, Howard »
American Society for Horticultural Science − TUSCON, AZ - Soil solarization, a process that uses solar radiation to rid the soil of pests, is most common in regions with high solar radiation and high temperatures during the summer season. An alternative to soil fumigation, the process is used either alone or in combination with fumigants. To accomplish solarization, solar radiation is used to passively heat moist soil covered with clear plastic sheeting, with the goal of increasing soil temperatures to the point where they are lethal to soilborne organisms.…
Brain-dwelling Worm in UK Man's Head Sequenced
Biology » Genome, Korban »
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute − For the first time, the genome of a rarely seen tapeworm has been sequenced. The genetic information of this invasive parasite, which lived for four years in a UK resident's brain, offers new opportunities to diagnose and treat this invasive parasite.
Tapeworms on the Brain Expand Our Knowledge of Their Genome
Biology » Genome, Korban »
BioMed Central − A genome of a rare species of tapeworm found living inside a patient's brain has been sequenced for the first time, in research published in the open access journal Genome Biology. The study provides insights into potential drug targets within the genome for future treatments.
Study: Volunteering Can Help Save Wildlife
Biology » Wildlife, Wcs »
Wildlife Conservation Society − BANGALORE, INDIA (November 20, 2014) - Participation of non-scientists as volunteers in conservation can play a significant role in saving wildlife, finds a new scientific research led by Duke University, USA, in collaboration with Wildlife Conservation Society and Centre for Wildlife Studies, Bengaluru.
Imagination, Reality Flow in Opposite Directions in the Brain
Biology » Brain, Categories »
University of Wisconsin-Madison − MADISON, Wis. -- As real as that daydream may seem, its path through your brain runs opposite reality. Aiming to discern discrete neural circuits, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have tracked electrical activity in the brains of people who alternately imagined scenes or watched videos.
Halting the Hijacker: Cellular Targets to Thwart Influenza Virus Infection
Biology » Virus, Viruses »
University of Wisconsin-Madison − MADISON, Wis. - The influenza virus, like all viruses, is a hijacker. It quietly slips its way inside cells, steals the machinery inside to make more copies of itself, and then -- having multiplied -- bursts out of the cell to find others to infect. Most drugs currently used to treat influenza are designed to attack the virus, to render it incapacitated. But influenza viruses are sneaky, capable of mutating to avoid destruction by the drug.
Cost of Meeting Basic Needs Rising Faster Than Wages in Washington State
Economics » Care, Health »
University of Washington − A Washington family of four must spend 46 percent more on average to make ends meet today than 13 years ago, according to a new report from the University of Washington. The Self-Sufficiency Standard for Washington State 2014, released Thursday (Nov. 20), provides a sobering look at how much it costs individuals and families statewide to meet basic needs -- and how far short they're falling.
Education Empowers Canadians but Raises Risks of Overwork And Work-family Stress
Psychology » Job, Work »
University of Toronto − The higher your level of education, the greater your earnings and your sense of "personal mastery" or being in control of your fate, University of Toronto researchers say. But wait: there's a downside.
Penn Researchers Unwind the Mysteries of the Cellular Clock
Medicine » Circadian, Hur »
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine − PHILADELPHIA - Human existence is basically circadian. Most of us wake in the morning, sleep in the evening, and eat in between. Body temperature, metabolism, and hormone levels all fluctuate throughout the day, and it is increasingly clear that disruption of those cycles can lead to metabolic disease.
UO-industry Collaboration Points to Improved Nanomaterials
Technology » Dots, Quantum »
University of Oregon − EUGENE, Ore. -- Nov. 20, 2014 -- A potential path to identify imperfections and improve the quality of nanomaterials for use in next-generation solar cells has emerged from a collaboration of University of Oregon and industry researchers.
University of Kentucky Reports HIV/AIDS Drugs Could Be Repurposed to Treat AMD
Medicine » Plasmin, Awards »
University of Kentucky − LEXINGTON, Ky. (Nov. 20, 2014) - A landmark study published today in the journal Science by an international group of scientists, led by the laboratory of Dr. Jayakrishna Ambati, professor & vice chair of the Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences at the University of Kentucky, reports that HIV/AIDS drugs that have been used for the last 30 years could be repurposed to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD), as well as other inflammatory disorders, because of a previously undiscovered intrinsic and inflammatory activity…
Research Finds Tooth Enamel Fast-track in Humans
Biology » Enamel, Tooth »
University of Kent − The research found that incisor teeth grow quickly in the early stages of the second trimester of a baby's development, while molars grow at a slower rate in the third trimester. This is so incisors are ready to erupt after birth, at approximately six months of age, when a baby makes the transition from breast-feeding to weaning.
UC Irvine-Italian Researchers Create First Inhibitor for Enzyme Linked to Cancers
Medicine » Inhibitors, Cancer »
University of California - Irvine − Irvine, Calif., Nov. 20, 2014 -- Recent studies showing acid ceramidase (AC) to be upregulated in melanoma, lung and prostate cancers have made the enzyme a desired target for novel synthetic inhibitor compounds. This week in Angewandte Chemie, a top journal in chemistry, UC Irvine and Italian Institute of Technology scientists describe the very first class of AC inhibitors that may aid in the efficacy of chemotherapies.
Staying Ahead of the Game: Pre-empting Flu Evolution May Make for Better Vaccines
Medicine » Flu, Virus »
University of Cambridge − An international team of researchers has shown that it may be possible to improve the effectiveness of the seasonal flu vaccine by 'pre-empting' the evolution of the influenza virus.
It's Filamentary: How Galaxies Evolve in the Cosmic Web
Space » Galaxies, Cosmic »
University of California - Riverside − RIVERSIDE, Calif. - How do galaxies like our Milky Way form, and just how do they evolve? Are galaxies affected by their surrounding environment? An international team of researchers, led by astronomers at the University of California, Riverside, proposes some answers.
Dizzying Heights: Prehistoric Farming on the 'Roof of the World'
Nature » Crops, Food »
University of Cambridge − Animal teeth, bones and plant remains have helped researchers from Cambridge, China and America to pinpoint a date for what could be the earliest sustained human habitation at high altitude. Archaeological discoveries from the 'roof of the world' on the Tibetan Plateau indicate that from 3,600 years ago, crop growing and the raising of livestock was taking place year-round at hitherto unprecedented altitudes.
Breakthrough in Managing Yellow Fever Disease
Medicine » Fever, Messaoudi »
University of California - Riverside − RIVERSIDE, Calif. - Yellow fever is a disease that can result in symptoms ranging from fever to severe liver damage. Found in South America and sub-Saharan Africa, each year the disease results in 200,000 new cases and kills 30,000 people. About 900 million people are at risk of contracting the disease.
Evolution: The Genetic Connivances of Digits And Genitals
Biology » Chromosome, Genes »
Université de Genève − During the development of mammals, the growth and organization of digits are orchestrated by Hox genes, which are activated very early in precise regions of the embryo. These "architect genes" are themselves regulated by a large piece of adjacent DNA. A study led by Denis Duboule, professor at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and the Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, reveals that this same DNA regulatory sequence also controls the architect genes during the development of the external genitals. The…

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