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|Some Characteristics Increase the Likelihood of Getting Married And Living Together|
Psychology » Marriage, Same-Sex »
University of Miami − CORAL GABLES, FL (March 10, 2014) -- When it comes to romantic relationships, attributes such as health, kindness, and social status have been shown to be important qualities in choosing a partner. It may be surprising to learn, however, that certain personal traits predispose a person towards either getting married or forming a cohabitating relationship.
|Small Biomass Power Plants Could Help Rural Economies, Stabilize National Power Grid, MU Study Finds|
Nature » Mercury, Power »
University of Missouri-Columbia − COLUMBIA, Mo. – As energy costs rise, more Americans are turning to bioenergy to provide power to their homes and workplaces. Bioenergy is renewable energy made from organic sources, such as biomass. Technology has advanced enough that biomass power plants small enough to fit on a farm can be built at relatively low costs. Now, University of Missouri researchers have found that creating a bioenergy grid with these small plants could benefit people in rural areas of the country as well as provide
|Shade Will Be a Precious Resource to Lizards in a Warming World|
Biology » Animals, Conditions »
University of British Columbia − Climate change may even test lizards' famous ability to tolerate and escape the heat -- making habitat protection increasingly vital -- according to a new study by UBC and international biodiversity experts.
|Lawn Care Practices Across the Nation Vary More Than Expected|
Nature » Urban, Cities »
USDA Forest Service - Northern Research Station − BALTIMORE, Md., March 10, 2014 – How people care for urban, suburban and rural lawns – the nation's second biggest crop behind corn – is less consistent than believed, according to scientists with the U.S. Forest Service, Clark University, the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies and partners.
|Mongol Empire Rode Wave of Mild Climate, Says Study|
Nature » Drought, Patterns »
The Earth Institute at Columbia University − Researchers studying the rings of ancient trees in mountainous central Mongolia think they may have gotten at the mystery of how small bands of nomadic Mongol horsemen united to conquer much of the world within a span of decades, 800 years ago. The rise of the great leader Genghis Khan and the start of the largest contiguous empire in human history was propelled by a temporary run of nice weather.
|NASA Satellites Eye Troublesome Tropical Cyclone Lusi|
Nature » Cyclone, Storm »
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center − Tropical Cyclone Lusi has spawned warnings and watches in the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Zealand as it moves through the South Pacific Ocean. NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites provided visible and infrared views of the storm that revealed it has become better organized. NASA's Terra satellite captured a visible image of Tropical Cyclone Lusi over Vanuatu on March 9 at 23:30 UTC. The image showed towering thunderstorms surrounded the center and northwestern quadrants of the storm.
|NASA Data Shed New Light on Changing Greenland Ice|
Nature » Glacier, Ice »
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center − Research using NASA data is giving new insight into one of the processes causing Greenland's ice sheet to lose mass. A team of scientists used satellite observations and ice thickness measurements gathered by NASA's Operation IceBridge to calculate the rate at which ice flows through Greenland's glaciers into the ocean. The findings of this research give a clearer picture of how glacier flow affects the Greenland Ice Sheet and shows that this dynamic process is dominated by a small number of glaciers.
|Impersonating Poisonous Prey|
Biology » Camouflage, Prey »
Michigan State University − EAST LANSING, Mich. — Imitation is the most sincere form of flattery – especially in the predator/prey/poison cycle. In nature, bright colors are basically neon signs that scream, "Don't eat me!" But how did prey evolve these characteristics? When did predators translate the meaning?
|Outside the Body Our Memories Fail Us|
Biology » Memories, Memory »
Karolinska Institutet − New research from Karolinska Institutet and Umeå University demonstrates for the first time that there is a close relationship between body perception and the ability to remember. For us to be able to store new memories from our lives, we need to feel that we are in our own body. According to researchers, the results could be of major importance in understanding the memory problems that psychiatric patients often exhibit.
|Natural Selection Has Altered the Appearance of Europeans over the Past 5,000 Years|
Biology » Lactase, Persistence »
Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz − There has been much research into the factors that have influenced the human genome since the end of the last Ice Age. Anthropologists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and geneticists at University College London (UCL), working in collaboration with archaeologists from Berlin and Kiev, have analyzed ancient DNA from skeletons and found that selection has had a significant effect on the human genome even in the past 5,000 years, resulting in sustained changes to the appearance of people. The results of this
|A Shocking Diet|
Biology » Microbes, Microbial »
Harvard University − There have been plenty of fad diets that captured the public's imagination over the years, but Harvard scientists have identified what may be the strangest of them all – sunlight and electricity.
|A Tale of 2 Data Sets: New DNA Analysis Strategy Helps Researchers Cut Through the Dirt|
Nature » Soil, Microbial »
Joint Genome Institute − For soil microbiology, it is the best of times. While no one has undertaken an accurate census, a spoonful of soil holds hundreds of billions of microbial cells, encompassing thousands of species. "It's one of the most diverse microbial habitats on Earth, yet we know surprisingly little about the identities and functions of the microbes inhabiting soil," said Jim Tiedje, Distinguished Professor at the Center for Microbial Ecology at Michigan State University. Tiedje, along with MSU colleagues and collaborators from the U.S. Department
|National Study Reveals Urban Lawn Care Habits|
Nature » Didymo, Phosphorus »
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies − (Millbrook, NY) What do people living in Boston, Baltimore, Miami, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Phoenix, and Los Angeles have in common? From coast to coast, prairie to desert – residential lawns reign.
|Turing's Theory of Chemical Morphogenesis Validated 60 Years After His Death|
Biology » Cells, Turing »
Brandeis University − Waltham — Alan Turing's accomplishments in computer science are well known, but lesser known is his impact on biology and chemistry. In his only paper on biology, Turing proposed a theory of morphogenesis, or how identical copies of a single cell differentiate, for example, into an organism with arms and legs, a head and tail.
|Volcanoes Helped Species Survive Ice Ages|
Nature » Ice, Ages »
Australian National University − An international team of researchers has found evidence that the steam and heat from volcanoes and heated rocks allowed many species of plants and animals to survive past ice ages, helping scientists understand how species respond to climate change. The research could solve a long-running mystery about how some species survived and continued to evolve through past ice ages in parts of the planet covered by glaciers.
|New Research Shows Elevated Mercury from In-ground Wastewater Disposal|
Nature » Mercury, Methylmercury »
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution − As towns across Cape Cod struggle with problems stemming from septic systems, a recent study by a Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) scientist focuses on one specific toxic by-product: mercury. In a study of local groundwater, biogeochemist Carl Lamborg found microbial action on wastewater transforms it into more mobile, more toxic forms of the element. His findings were published in Environmental Science and Technology in November 2013.
|Agroforestry Can Ensure Food Security And Mitigate the Effects of Climate Change in Africa|
Nature » Climate, Change »
World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) − Agroforestry can help to achieve climate change mitigation and adaptation while at the same time providing livelihoods for poor smallholder farmers in Africa.
|Scientists Build Thinnest-possible LEDs to Be Stronger, More Energy Efficient|
Technology » Leds, Rosenstein »
University of Washington − Most modern electronics, from flat-screen TVs and smartphones to wearable technologies and computer monitors, use tiny light-emitting diodes, or LEDs. These LEDs are based off of semiconductors that emit light with the movement of electrons. As devices get smaller and faster, there is more demand for such semiconductors that are tinier, stronger and more energy efficient.
|Parkinson's Disease: Quickly Identifying Patients at Risk of Dementia|
Biology » Stimulation, Cognitive »
University of Montreal − It may now be possible to identify the first-stage Parkinson's patients who will go on to develop dementia, according to a study conducted at the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal by Dr. Oury Monchi, PhD, and his postdoctoral student, Dr. Alexandru Hanganu, MD, PhD, both of whom are affiliated with Université de Montréal. These findings were published in the journal Brain.
|Malnourished Children Are Better Fed When Mothers Have Network of Peers|
Economics » Women, Gender »
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences − URBANA, Ill. – Women in rural India who participate in a vocational training program learn more than just life skills. A recent University of Illinois study found that mothers who participated in a program designed to educate and empower women gained a network of peers that led to increased bargaining strength in the home, and significantly improved their children's consumption of rice and dairy.
|Diagnosing Diseases with Smartphones|
Technology » Iron, Willson »
University of Houston − Smartphones are capable of giving us directions when we're lost, sending photos and videos to our friends in mere seconds, and even helping us find the best burger joint in a three-mile radius. But University of Houston researchers are using smartphones for another very important function: diagnosing diseases in real time. The researchers are developing a disease diagnostic system that offers results that could be read using only a smartphone and a $20 lens attachment.
|Predation on Invertebrates by Woodland Salamanders Increases Carbon Capture|
Nature » Carbon, Sequestration »
USDA Forest Service - Pacific Southwest Research Station − ARCATA, Calif.—Woodland salamanders perform a vital ecological service in American forests by helping to mitigate the impacts of global warming.
|All Paths Lead to Rome, Even the Path to Condensed Matter Theory|
Technology » Agreements, Local »
Springer − Italian physicist Carlo Di Castro, professor emeritus at the University of Rome Sapienza, Italy, shares his recollections of how theoretical condensed matter physics developed in Rome, starting in the 1960s. Luisa Bonolis, a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin, Germany, invited Di Castro to reflect upon his research career, which he did in an interview published in EPJ H.
|US Cocaine Use Cut by Half, While Marijuana Consumption Jumps, Study Finds|
Economics » Marijuana, Drug »
RAND Corporation − The use of cocaine dropped sharply across the United States from 2006 to 2010, while the amount of marijuana consumed increased significantly during the same period, according to a new report. Studying illegal drug use nationally from 2000 to 2010, researchers found the amount of marijuana consumed by Americans increased by more than 30 percent from 2006 to 2010, while cocaine consumption fell by about half. Meanwhile, heroin use was fairly stable throughout the decade.
|Gillian And Hadi Spell Double Tropical Trouble Around Queensland|
Nature » Center, Thunderstorms »
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center − On Friday, March 7 there were two tropical lows located east and west of Queensland, Australia. Those lows organized and intensified into Tropical Cyclone Gillian and Hadi and were caught together in one amazing image from NASA's Aqua satellite. While Gillian has already made one landfall and is expected to make another, Hadi is turning tail and running from the mainland.
|'Death Stars' in Orion Blast Planets Before They Even Form|
Space » Grains, Dust »
National Radio Astronomy Observatory − The Orion Nebula is home to hundreds of young stars and even younger protostars known as proplyds. Many of these nascent systems will go on to develop planets, while others will have their planet-forming dust and gas blasted away by the fierce ultraviolet radiation emitted by massive O-type stars that lurk nearby.
|Two-dimensional Material Shows Promise for Optoelectronics|
Technology » Material, Materials »
Massachusetts Institute of Technology − A team of MIT researchers has used a novel material that's just a few atoms thick to create devices that can harness or emit light. This proof-of-concept could lead to ultrathin, lightweight, and flexible photovoltaic cells, light emitting diodes (LEDs), and other optoelectronic devices, they say.
|Emergency Alert in the Cell|
Biology » Shock, Heat »
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft − After a natural disaster like a big fire, countless helpers work together to get rid of debris, to build temporary shelters and to provide food for people in need. When a cell is exposed to dangerous environmental conditions such as high temperatures or toxic substances, a quite similar process is initiated: the cellular stress response, also called heat shock response. Together with colleagues from the Technical University of Dresden, scientists of the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Munich-Martinsried could uncover an entire
|Serpentine Ecosystems Shed Light on the Nature of Plant Adaptation And Speciation|
Biology » Plant, Zappae »
American Journal of Botany − Plants that live in unusual soils, such as those that are extremely low in essential nutrients, provide insight into the mechanisms of adaptation, natural selection, and endemism. A seminal paper by Arthur Kruckeberg from 1951 on serpentine plant endemism has served as a solid bedrock foundation for future research on the link between natural selection and speciation. A recent article in the American Journal of Botany focuses on how this paper has influenced subsequent research on local adaptation, evolutionary pathways, and the relationship
|Atomically Thin Solar Cells|
Technology » Graphene, Material »
Vienna University of Technology − It does not get any thinner than this: The novel material graphene consists of only one atomic layer of carbon atoms and exhibits very special electronic properties. As it turns out, there are other materials too, which can open up intriguing new technological possibilities if they are arranged in just one or very few atomic layers. Researchers at the Vienna University of Technology have now succeeded for the first time in creating a diode made of tungsten diselenide. Experiments show that this material
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