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Chemists Discover Key Reaction Mechanism Behind the Highly Touted Sodium-oxygen Battery
Chemistry » Battery, Batteries »
University of Waterloo − Chemists at the University of Waterloo have discovered the key reaction that takes place in sodium-air batteries that could pave the way for development of the so-called holy grail of electrochemical energy storage.
UT Study Tackles Evolution Mystery of Animal, Plant Warning Cues for Survival
Biology » Prey, Predators »
University of Tennessee at Knoxville − KNOXVILLE--Not every encounter between predator and prey results in death. A new study co-authored by a University of Tennessee, Knoxville, professor suggests that prey emit warning cues that can ultimately lead to both their survival and that of their predators. The hypothesis addresses a 150-year-old mystery of evolution on how warning signals of animals and plants arise and explains animals' instinctive avoidances of dangerous prey.
Notre Dame Paper Examines How Students Understand Mathematics
Psychology » Children, Achievement »
University of Notre Dame − It's both the bane of many parents and what has been called a major national vulnerability: the inability of many children to understand mathematics. Understanding that problem and developing strategies to overcome it is the research focus of Nicole McNeil, Alliance for Catholic Education (ACE) Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Notre Dame, and the researchers in her lab.
Paleontologists Pioneer Laser-beam Scanning of Dinosaur Fossils
Biology » Fossils, Fossil »
University of Kansas − LAWRENCE -- A team of scientists based largely at the University of Kansas and the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture in Washington has developed methods of using commercial-grade laser equipment to find and analyze fossils of dinosaurs. Their techniques are introduced via a paper in the journal PLOS ONE today. The new laser method causes fossil samples to fluoresce, revealing complex details unseen with traditional visual enhancers like ultraviolet light.
Microbes Collected by Citizen Scientists And Grown on the International Space Station
Technology » Nasa, Space »
University of California - Davis Health System − (SACRAMENTO, Calif.) -- Do microbes grow differently on the International Space Station than they do on Earth? Results from the growth of microbes collected by citizen scientists in Project MERCCURI indicate that most behave similarly in both places. "While this data is extremely preliminary, it is potentially encouraging for long-term manned spaceflight," said David Coil, Ppoject scientist in the microbiology lab of Jonathan Eisen at the University of California, Davis.
How Longhorned Beetles Find Mr. Right
Biology » Native, Biocontrol »
University of Arizona − A longhorned beetle's sexy scent might make a female perk up her antennae. But when the males of several species all smell the same, a female cannot choose by cologne alone. For these beetles to find a mate of the right species, timing is everything, according to research from a University of Arizona-led team.
Job-sharing with Nursing Robot
Technology » Robot, Robots »
Toyohashi University of Technology − Given the aging of the population and the low birthrate both in Japan and elsewhere, healthcare professionals are in short supply and unevenly distributed, giving rise to a need for alternatives to humans for performing simple tasks. Although increasing numbers of medical institutions have introduced electronic medical records, a variety of issues remain unresolved, such as the inconvenience of data recording and the high costs associated with data input.
Stress Triggers Key Molecule to Halt Transcription of Cell's Genetic Code
Biology » Transcription, Dna »
Stowers Institute for Medical Research − Kansas City, MO. -- If DNA is the cookbook of life, then RNA is the scratch paper where the cell writes down its favorite recipes. These recipes could make the pigments of your skin, the vehicles that carry oxygen through your veins, or the signaling molecules that keep cancer in check. Sometimes, when the cell's transcription machinery copies these recipes, it stutters or stalls, either because it gets off task or it comes across a problem with the cookbook. Then, the cell has…
Girls Receive Conflicting Career Messages from Media, New Research Shows
Psychology » Daniels, Girls »
Oregon State University − CORVALLIS, Ore. - Teenage girls like and feel more similar to women in appearance-focused jobs such as models and actresses, though they find female CEOs and military pilots to be better role models, according to a new study by researchers at Oregon State University.
Hubble Sees Shock Collision Inside Black Hole Jet
Space » Jets, Black »
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center − When you're blasting though space at more than 98 percent of the speed of light, you may need driver's insurance. Astronomers have discovered for the first time a rear-end collision between two high-speed knots of ejected matter. This discovery was made while piecing together a time-lapse movie of a plasma jet blasted from a supermassive black hole inside a galaxy located 260 million light-years from earth.
Helping Robots Put It All Together
Technology » Robots, Robot »
Massachusetts Institute of Technology − Today's industrial robots are remarkably efficient -- as long as they're in a controlled environment where everything is exactly where they expect it to be.
Weak Electric Current to the Brain May Improve Thinking in People with Schizophrenia
Biology » Memory, Schizophrenia »
Johns Hopkins Medicine − Lightly stimulating the brain with electricity may improve short-term memory in people with schizophrenia, according to a new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
The Albian Gap, Salt Rock, And a Heated Debate
Nature » Ahead, Print »
Geological Society of America − Boulder, Colo., USA - Salt rock behaves as a fluid and can play a pivotal role in the large-scale, long-term collapse of the world's continental margins. However, the precise way in which this occurs is laced in controversy; nowhere is this controversy more apparent than along the Brazilian continental margin, where the origin of a feature called "the Albian Gap" has generated much heated debate over several decades.
What's Fair?: New Theory on Income Inequality
Economics » Income, Inequality »
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science − New York, NY--May 28, 2015--The increasing inequality in income and wealth in recent years, together with excessive pay packages of CEOs in the U.S. and abroad, is of growing concern, especially to policy makers. Income inequality was identified as the #1 Top 10 Challenging Trends at the 2015 World Economic Forum annual meeting in Davos last January. Columbia Engineering Professor Venkat Venkatasubramanian has led a study that examines income inequality through a new approach: he proposes that the fairest inequality of income is…
A Better Understanding of Links Between Pain And Anxiety Reveals Treatment Opportunities
Biology » Pain, Chronic »
Canadian Association for Neuroscience − Pain has both physical and emotional components. Anxiety is common in people suffering from chronic pain, and people with anxiety are more likely to suffer from chronic pain. Dr. Min Zhuo and his team at the University of Toronto have found the biological basis for this link in the connections between neurons in a brain region known as the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Better yet, they have identified a molecule that can reduce chronic pain-related anxiety. Dr. Zhuo's latest results were presented at…
Sex Chromosomes - Why the Y Genes Matter
Biology » Chromosome, Chromosomes »
BioMed Central − Several genes have been lost from the Y chromosome in humans and other mammals, according to research published in the open access journal Genome Biology. The study shows that essential Y genes are rescued by relocating to other chromosomes, and it identifies a potentially important genetic factor in male infertility. The Y chromosome is dramatically smaller than the X chromosome and has already lost nearly all of the 640 genes it once shared with the X chromosome.
New Planning Toolset Gives Farmers More Options for Improving Water Quality
Nature » No-Till, Fields »
American Society of Agronomy − May 27, 2015--With agriculture increasingly on the hook to improve water quality, curb erosion, and meet other environmental goals, it only makes sense to target soil and water conservation practices to the places on the landscape where they'll do the most good. Exactly how to achieve this is the catch, but a promising new solution is now at the ready, thanks to research led by the USDA-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) and Environmental Defense Fund.
This Week from AGU: NASA Earth Science, Climate Change Music, Tibetan Plateau Evolution
Nature » Uplift, Plateau »
American Geophysical Union − From AGU's blogs: Should NASA be Studying the Earth? Joseph R. Dwyer, a Professor at the Department of Physics and the Space Science Center in the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space at the University of New Hampshire, shares his thoughts about whether NASA should be studying the Earth in a blog post on The Bridge. From Eos.org: Musical Composition Conveys Climate Change Data
Robots Can Recover from Damage in Minutes
Technology » Robots, Robot »
University of Wyoming − May 28, 2015 -- Robots will one day provide tremendous benefits to society, such as in search and rescue missions and putting out forest fires -- but not until they can learn to keep working if they become damaged. A new paper in the journal Nature, called "Robots That Can Adapt Like Animals," shows how to make robots automatically recover from injury in less than two minutes.
Invisible Helpers of the Sea: Marine Bacteria Boost Growth of Tiny Ocean Algae
Biology » Microbes, Marine »
University of Washington − A glass of seawater is teeming with life, and recent research reveals more about what ocean water contains. Microscopic creatures in the world's oceans weigh more than all of the fish in the sea and produce about half of the Earth's oxygen. Yet the ecology of marine microbes, which are crucial for everything from absorbing carbon dioxide from the air to regulating the productivity of major fisheries, are only beginning to be understood.
Scientists Identify Key to Preventing Secondary Cancers
Medicine » Bone, Breast »
University of Sheffield − Leading scientists from the University of Sheffield and University of Copenhagen have identified a possible key to preventing secondary cancers in breast cancer patients, after discovering an enzyme which enhances the spread of the disease. Secondary (metastatic) breast cancer is the main cause of the 12,000 deaths which occur from breast cancer in the UK every year.
Hallucinations And Delusions More Common Than Thought
Psychology » Jail, Mental »
University of Queensland − Hallucinations and delusions in the general population are more common than previously thought. An international study led by The University of Queensland and Harvard Medical School found that hearing voices and seeing things others cannot impacts about five per cent of the general population at some point in their lives.
Using Debt to Maintain Status Quo Leaves Families on Rocky Road to Recovery
Economics » Debt, Families »
University of Michigan − ANN ARBOR--Economically vulnerable families are increasingly willing to take on debt to maintain a basic standard of living--a situation that can put them into a deep financial hole, according to a new University of Michigan study. Poor families can find it challenging to stay on top of bills to keep the lights on, food on the table and a roof over their head--and they fall into debt, said Kristin Seefeldt, U-M assistant professor of social work and public policy.
Pinpointing Natural Cancer Drug's True Origins Brings Sustainable Production a Step Closer
Biology » Microbial, Maxbin »
University of Michigan − ANN ARBOR--For decades, scientists have known that ET-743, a compound extracted from a marine invertebrate called a mangrove tunicate, can kill cancer cells. The drug has been approved for use in patients in Europe and is in clinical trials in the U.S. Scientists suspected the mangrove tunicate, which is a type of a sea squirt, doesn't actually make ET-743. But the precise origins of the drug, which is also known as trabectedin, were a mystery.
Medical Millirobots Offer Hope for Less-invasive Surgeries
Technology » Mri, Particles »
University of Houston − Seeking to advance minimally invasive medical treatments, researchers have proposed using tiny robots, driven by magnetic potential energy from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners. The researchers described the work in a paper presented this week during ICRA, the conference of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society in Seattle.
The Least Religious Generation
Psychology » Religion, Religious »
San Diego State University − SAN DIEGO, Calif. (May 27, 2015)-- In what may be the largest study ever conducted on changes in Americans' religious involvement, researchers led by San Diego State University psychology professor Jean M. Twenge found that millennials are the least religious generation of the last six decades, and possibly in the nation's history.
Brain Signals Contain the Code for Your Next Move
Biology » Thalamus, Cortex »
Norwegian University of Science and Technology − Is it possible to tap into the signalling in the brain to figure out where you will go next? Hiroshi Ito, a researcher at the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), can now say yes. Ito has just published a description of how this happens in this week's edition of Nature.
Signal Identified That Prompts One Kidney to Grow Larger When the Other Is Lost
Medicine » Amino, Acids »
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University − AUGUSTA, Ga. - Scientists have found an explanation for the century-old observation that if you end up with just one kidney, the lone organ gets bigger.
Lawrence Livermore Scientists 1 Step Closer to Mimicking Gamma-ray Bursts
Space » Laser, Atoms »
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory − Using ever more energetic lasers, Lawrence Livermore researchers have produced a record high number of electron-positron pairs, opening exciting opportunities to study extreme astrophysical processes, such as black holes and gamma-ray bursts.
Researchers Identify Origin of Chromosomal Oddity in Some Cancer Cells
Medicine » Chromosomes, Dna »
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute − BOSTON -- Surveys of the genomic terrain of cancer have turned up a curious phenomenon in some tumor cells: a massive rearrangement of DNA in one or a few chromosomes, thought to be produced during a single cell cycle. In a new study, scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute demonstrate how this sudden, isolated shuffling of genetic material - known as chromothripsis - can occur.

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